Windshield washer fluid - key information

Windshield washer fluid is essential in a car because it provides visibility, which affects the safety of driving on the road. Dirt, streaks and other types of debris on the windshield can smudge or cause reflections of the sun. This results in reduced visibility while driving. Fortunately, there is a way to prevent it. What’s washer fluid? Which windshield washer fluid for a car to choose? How to make washer fluid? 


History of washer fluid

When it comes to keeping windshields clean, few things are as important as good quality windshield washer fluid. It is designed to remove dirt, dust and other grime, making it easier to see while driving. The history of windshield washer fluids began with the invention of windshield wipers. 

Windshield wipers were invented in 1903 by Mary Anderson, and today they are the equipment in all modern vehicles. The American developed the mechanism after watching streetcars in New York City struggle to move in heavy snowfall. The concept consisted of a lever inside the vehicle that was attached to a pair of windshield wipers on the outside. Over the years, other elements have emerged to facilitate the system created by Anderson. The most important of these is the introduction of windshield washer fluid. This important element helped keep the windshield wipers clean so they could do their job effectively.


Washer fluid composition

Windshield washer fluid usually consists of water mixed with alcohol and other ingredients to help break up dirt and prevent it from sticking to the wiper blades. Nowadays, windshield washer fluid can also help remove ice and snow from the windshield, making winter driving safer. 

Windshield washer fluid includes water. It should be demineralized or filtered. Winter windshield washer fluid with antifreeze contains alcohol. There are also surfactants, which are responsible for removing dirt from the windshield. Alcohols included in the product are ethanol, glycerin, propylene glycol or ethylene glycol, which also help the wipers glide. Summer windshield washer fluids contain polymers that help the liquid run-off faster. Stabilizers in this type of agent are designed to protect the product from evaporating too quickly.


Summer windshield washer fluid

Windshield washer fluids are seasonal products. You need to know which washer to use in your car during a particular season. In countries with temperate climates, you can start adding summer washer fluid to your tank as early as the end of March. The requirements for this product are smaller. Its main task is to clean the windshield from dust or streaks after rain. 

Summer windshield washer fluid not coming out in winter? This product can perform its functions when the temperature outside is above 0 degrees Celsius  or 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Only above this temperature will summer washer fluid effectively clean the windshield.


Winter windshield washer fluid 

The composition of winter windshield washer fluid prevents the fluid from freezing. Before choosing the right product, check the label for the minimum temperatures at which you can use it. Pour the fluid into the windshield washer fluid reservoir before the first frost. It's difficult to predict exactly when the first sub-zero temperatures will appear, so in the autumn, it's a good idea to check the weather forecast regularly.


Which winter windshield washer fluid should I choose? Make sure that the product has a higher concentration of alcohol and active substances. Thanks to this, the product will clean the windshields even in very low temperatures. Frozen windshield washer fluid will be a hassle if you do not prepare before the season. To avoid this, choose the right product. Alcohol contained in winter windshield washer fluid will prevent the liquid from freezing at low temperatures.


When to change windshield washer fluid?

In many modern cars, the washer fluid symbol on the dashboard reminds you to refill the product. As soon as the windshield washer fluid light is on, you should refill the fluid level immediately. You should also remember to check the washer nozzles regularly. This will make sure that they spray the product efficiently on the windshield and ensure coverage of the entire area that is cleaned by the windshield wipers. All this is done to improve visibility through the windshield. Remember that checking the windshield washer fluid is one of the necessary steps to prepare your vehicle for travel. This activity is much simpler than topping up the car coolant.


How much washer fluid does a car hold?

Before proceeding, you may be wondering how much windshield washer fluid to pour. The answer is simple - as much as will fit in the windshield washer fluid reservoir. Usually, it is about 4 liters or 1 gallon. Lift the lid and start pouring in the windshield washer fluid. Finish the task when the fluid level is high enough that you can see it at the top of the filler. Pouring windshield washer fluid is a basic service activity for any car that you can do yourself in your garage. It's a simple and intuitive operation that shouldn't cause you any problems.


How to make washer fluid?

If you like to experiment, you can try making your own homemade windshield washer fluid. The windshield washer fluid light can come on at any time, so it's a good idea to be prepared. To create a summer windshield washer fluid, all you need is water (preferably demineralized) and dishwashing liquid. Mix them together in the ratio: 1 tablespoon of liquid per 4 liters, or 1 gallon of water. Pour the solution into the tank. To make a winter liquid, you need to add isopropyl alcohol. This will make the mixture resistant to freezing.

Frozen windshield washer fluid is a problem that many drivers face. Homemade remedies are not tested under proper conditions and cannot compare with ready-made products. Therefore, consider purchasing a product such as windshield washer fluid with rain x. Many stationary and online stores offer summer as well as winter products. Concentrate windshield washer fluids from reputable manufacturers can be a cost-effective solution, so you can be sure of their effectiveness even in harsh weather conditions.

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